Download Algorithmic Learning Theory: 7th International Workshop, ALT by Leslie G. Valiant (auth.), Setsuo Arikawa, Arun K. Sharma PDF

By Leslie G. Valiant (auth.), Setsuo Arikawa, Arun K. Sharma (eds.)

This e-book constitutes the refereed complaints of the seventh foreign Workshop on Algorithmic studying concept, ALT '96, held in Sydney, Australia, in October 1996.
The sixteen revised complete papers awarded have been chosen from forty-one submissions; additionally incorporated are 8 brief papers in addition to 4 complete size invited contributions via Ross Quinlan, Takeshi Shinohara, Leslie Valiant, and Paul Vitanyi, and an creation by way of the quantity editors. The e-book covers all components relating to algorithmic studying concept, starting from theoretical foundations of computer studying to purposes in numerous areas.

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Additional info for Algorithmic Learning Theory: 7th International Workshop, ALT '96 Sydney, Australia, October 23–25, 1996 Proceedings

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In the work of Lawler, for example, the intrinsic rewards in task performance were viewed as enhancing employee motivation and thus productivity. Such analysis aimed to investigate how effective human operators are subject to a range of working conditions, and argue that using typologies such as Hackman and Oldman’s (1976) Job Organisational studies and empirical description 33 Characteristics model, should make it possible to optimise work satisfaction, and thereby performance. In such accounts, ‘psychological states’ such as ‘experienced meaningfulness of the work’, ‘experienced responsibility for work outcomes’ and ‘knowledge of results’ provide ‘core job’ characteristics such as ‘skill variety’, ‘task identity’, ‘task significance’, ‘autonomy’ and ‘feedback from job’.

By motivational is meant that they are concerned with what these days is called ‘agency’. Burrell and Morgan are particularly interested in this, since they view a concern with agency as one of the issues that differentiate paradigms. According to them, a concern with agency or, in their terms, the ‘action frame of reference’ is not an alternative to functionalist theory. It is a part of it. Hence, rather than the Human Relations school providing, let us say, a radical and comprehensive critique of Taylorism, it simply offers a slightly different approach; differences which are largely to do with some variation in theoretical assumption.

Long ago the somewhat obtuse writer Harold Garfinkel observed that the sociology of work contained a ‘missing what’. By this he meant that however hard one looks, one will not find much information about the work that is the purported subject of sociological investigations of work. Our view, like Garfinkel’s, is that the phenomenon of organisational work is itself worthy of investigation. The point of our review of the research into organisational life is that it shows how little one will find out about what goes on in organisations.

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