By Paul E. Fontenoy
Plane providers: An Illustrated heritage in their impression КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: ABC-CLIOСерия: guns and WarfareАвтор(ы): Paul FontenoyЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2006Количество страниц: 420ISBN: 1-85109-578-0Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 9.25 mb quick Ifolder zero
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Extra resources for Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact
It was in this form that the Eagle was finally completed, after a very extensive series of arresting gear trials that delayed completion but provided valuable data. At the end of World War I the Royal Navy accepted that the Furious, in its existing state, was effectively useless as a carrier. A major reconstruction would be necessary to fit it for service. This was an attractive option since its cost would be about one-third the cost of constructing a new carrier from the keel up. In July 1920 design work began.
A further inconclusive meeting at London from December 1935 to March 1936 witnessed the Japanese abrogation of the entire treaty regimen. Nevertheless, the terms of the various limitation agreements profoundly affected the design of the majority of the carriers that were to serve during World War II. BRITISH CARRIER DEVELOPMENTS BETWEEN THE WORLD WARS British operational and design experience exerted substantial influence on the early post–World War I carriers of all nations. In July 1917 the Admiralty ordered the Hermes, the Royal Navy’s first carrier designed as such from the outset, and followed by purchasing the incomplete Chilean battleship Almirante Cochrane for conversion into the carrier Eagle.
The first British carrier designed as such from the keel up since the Hermes was the Ark Royal, which entered service just before World War II began. The design had an extended gestation, having its origins in studies begun in 1931. It included the double hangars of its immediate precursors but eliminated the forward flight deck, since larger and faster aircraft had rendered this feature obsolete. Aerodynamic considerations necessitated long round downs fore and aft. To compensate for their impact, the flight deck extended considerably beyond the stern.