By Mark W. Moffett
Intrepid overseas explorer, biologist, and photographer Mark W. Moffett, "the Indiana Jones of entomology," takes us around the world on an odd and colourful trip looking for the hidden international of ants. In stories from Nigeria, Indonesia, the Amazon, Australia, California, and in different places, Moffett recounts his entomological exploits and offers interesting information on how ants stay and the way they dominate their ecosystems via strikingly human behaviors, but at a special scale and a quicker pace. Moffett's miraculous close-up photos scale down us all the way down to dimension, in order that we will discover ants in universal roles; warriors, developers, big-game hunters, and slave vendors. we discover them developing marketplaces and meeting traces and working with concerns we predict of as uniquely human--including hygiene, recycling, and battle. Adventures between Ants introduces a number of the world's such a lot awe-inspiring species and gives a startling new viewpoint at the limits of our personal perception.
<span id="caseCorrespondence_16467590545_text">* Ants are world-class highway developers, dealing with advanced site visitors difficulties on thoroughfares that dwarf our street systems
* Ants take slaves from conquered armies and create societies depending on their labor
* Ants with the most important societies frequently set up advanced army tactics
* a few ants have advanced from hunter-gatherers into farmers, domesticating different animals and transforming into particular plants for food</span>
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Extra info for Adventures Among Ants: A Global Safari with a Cast of Trillions
1997). These results clearly indicated that both induction and glucose repression are operating at the transcriptional level during the regulation of cellulase synthesis. Furthermore, all cellulase inducers promoted the synthesis of a constant ratio of three major cellulases such as CBH I, CBH II and endoglucanase I in T. reesei. This indicates that the expression of cellulase genes is coordinatedly regulated, at least in T. , 1998). In contrast, the induction pattern of hemicellulase genes appeared to be variable even in T.
Commune. Furthermore, cellobiose, the repeating unit of cellulose, induced the production of both cellulase and xylanase by S. , 1995). A similar regulatory system appears to operate in another wood-rotting fungus, Polyporus adustus (Eriksson and Goodell, 1974). Thus, the mechanism governing induction and regulation of cellulases and xylanases appears to be quite complicated, and markedly different from one microorganism to another. , 1993). 0 (Wood, 1985). , 1989). , 1994a). , 1993; Antranikian, 1994).
Based on biochemical studies, it has been reported that T. reesei and P. , 1988; Bhat and Wood, 1989), whereas A. niger, T. viride and T. , 1993). Nevertheless, it is not certain whether the above multiple forms of cellulases and xylanases are the products of multiple genes or the result of post-translational modification of a single gene product by differential glycosylation or partial proteolysis. Also, it is often difficult to distinguish the multiple forms of cellulases and xylanases based on substrate specificity, because of the lack of defined and structurally characterized substrates, and the preponderance of enzymes with broad substrate specificity.