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By D.F. Houlihan, D.R. Livingstone, R.F. Lee

Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology is helping biologists, physiologists, and biochemists continue tune of the large literature within the box. supplying complete, built-in experiences and sound, severe, and provocative summaries, this sequence is a must for all energetic researchers in environmental and comparative physiology.

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In: Garrow JS, Halliday D (eds) Substrate and energy metabolism in man. Libbey, London Rennie MJ, Edwards RHT, Davies CTM, Krywawych S, Halliday D, Waterlow JC, Millward DI (1980) Protein and amino acid turnover during the after exercise. Biochem Soc Trans 8:499-502 Richardson A, Cheung HT (1982) The relationship between age-related changes in gene expression, protein turnover, and responsiveness of an organism to stimuli. Life Sci 31 :605-613 Protein Turnover in Ectotherms and Its Relationships to Energetics 43 Saez L, Goicoechea 0, Amthauer R, Krauskopf M (1982) Behaviour of RNA and protein synthesis during the acclimation of the carp.

17. muscleOvaryStomach Tissue tein synthesis and protein degradation from various tissues of sexually maturing salmon measured in July and October. The animals were not feeding. (Data from Martin 1990) Protein Turnover in Ectotherms and Its Relationships to Energetics 27 The factors that are responsible for the increases in protein synthesis with slow-speed continuous swimming remain to be investigated. In mammals, the stimulation of protein synthesis depends upon the duration of exercise with short bouts of exercise resulting in a decrease in muscle protein synthesis (for reviews, see Rennie et al.

1989). The values for the energy costs are shown in Table 4, as wellas the theoretical minimum values for protein synthesis. A variety of units have been used when calculating the energy cost of protein synthesis but since in most cases in ectotherms the measurements consist of oxygen consumption and protein synthesis there are fewer assumptions in expressing the costs in the units used for the determinations. Other estimates ofthe energy cost of protein synthesis lie within the range 12-17 mmol O2 g-l protein (Job ling 1985); Jobling has calculated for the data of Hogendoorn (1983) that the energy cost of protein deposition was 31 mmo1 O2 g-l protein in the African catfish Clarias.

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