By Prof. Dr. med. G. Boehm (auth.), Prof. G. Boehm, Ruth M. Leuschner PhD (eds.)
I Introduction.- Aerobiology — its previous and its future.- Philipp Herries Gregory, FRS, DSc (1907-1986).- II Airborne pollen and biometeorology.- 1. Lectures of basic importance.- Environmental affects on deposition of airborne particles.- impression of inversion layers at the day-by-day pollen count number and at the allergic assaults of sufferers in Basel (Switzerland).- impacts of toxins and climate on obstructive respiration tract illnesses of youngsters in Berlin (West).- comparability of contemporary and quarternary pollen data.- Biometeorology and its relation to pollen count.- Correlation among aerobiological and phytogeographical investigations within the Florence region (Italy).- 2. Airborne pollen in numerous countries.- Air sampling experiences in a tropical quarter. 4 yr results.- A examine of airborne pollen grains of Alexandria (Egypt).- Air borne pollen varieties of allergenic value in India.- Survey of atmospheric pollens in a variety of provinces of Thailand.- III Allergology and airborne particles.- 1. Lectures of basic significance: analysis and therapy.- Inhalative allergens.- dating of airborne pollen and spores to indicators at the dermis and mucous membranes of sufferers within the excessive altitude weather in Davos (Switzerland).- reviews with the «Individual Pollen Collector» built by way of G. Boehm.- Airborne pollens and signs in allergic sufferers present process immunotherapy.- 2. certain allergens: Pollen.- tracking of atmospheric stipulations and forecast of Olive pollen season (Bari, Italy).- Pollen yield of 2 cvs. of Olea europaea L. («Manzanillo» and «Swan hill») (Tucson, Arizona).- Annual and day-by-day edition of pollen from Olea europea L. within the surroundings of Cordoba (Spain) alongside 12 months of sampling.- Chestnut pollen counts with regards to sufferers pollinosis in Paris.- Pollen counts of ragweed and mugwort (Cour Collector) in 1984 measured at 12 meteorological facilities within the Rhone Bassin and surrounding areas (France).- Allergic reactivity to Parthenium hysterophorus pollen: An unrecognized variety I allergen.- three. assorted aeroallergens.- Aeroallergens in manhattan inner-city flats of asthmatics.- four. unique allergens: Fungus spores.- Indoor mould spore publicity: features of 127 houses in southern California with endogenous mould problems.- Intrinsic variability in airborne fungi: Implications for allergen standardization.- scientific cross-reactions among quite a few moulds with designated connection with Fusarium.- medical value of airborne Alternaria tenuis-spores: Seasonal signs confident epidermis and bronchial problem exams with Alternaria in topics with bronchial asthma and rhinitis.- incidence of Alternaria Nees ex Fr. in indoor and open air habitats in Cordoba (Spain).- Concentrations of airborne Botrytis conidia, and frequency of allergic sensitization to Botrytis extract.- five. exact allergens: Algae.- Microalgae as aeroplankton and allergens.- 6. distinct allergens: bugs and mites.- Sensitizations opposed to Tribolium confusum Du Val in sufferers with occupational and nonoccupational exposure.- Gibbium psylloides («mite beetle») as an inhalative allergen.- Investigations of allergen-containing airborne dirt and dust samples from the inner of the house.- condo airborne dirt and dust mite in several altitudes of Orisons (Switzerland.- Guanine dosage in apartment dirt samples and quantification of mite allergens.- IV Air, our environment.- 1. Lectures of basic importance.- The quantitative importance of asbestos fibres within the ambient air.- The indoor asbestos challenge: proof and questions.- results of non permanent publicity to ambient nitrogen dioxide concentrations on human bronchial reactivity and lung function.- Mutagenic and carcinogenic results of airborne particulate subject from polluted components on human and rodent tissue cultures.- Modulation of pulmonary security mechanisms by way of acute exposures to Nitrogen Dioxide.- Lysosome reaction and cytoskeleton alteration in mobilephone cultures uncovered to airborne lead.- 2. outdoors air.- well-being dangers from respirable dusts produced through the operation of massive harvesters.- The impact of meteorological and pollution components on acute illnesses of the airlines in teenagers as illustrated by means of the Biel sector (Switzerland).- Airborne crystals of anhydrous Calcium Sulphate — a brand new air pollutant.- Goniometrie dirt measurements in the course of a sea voyage from the northern to the southern hemisphere, alongside the Antarctic coast, and at a coast station in Antarctica.- three. Indoor air.- Inquiries obtained by means of the California indoor air caliber application on organic contaminants in buildings.- Microbial and mud toxins in non-industrial paintings places.- Filters of an airconditioning install as disseminators of fungal spores.- The development sickness syndrome: Comparative experiences in air conditioned and standard heated buildings.- Bioaerosols and place of work development air flow system.- Radon and its decay items within the indoor surroundings: Radiation publicity and threat estimation.- V Phytopathology.- Uniformity of airspora concentrations.- Ozone and acidic inputs into forests in Northwest USA.- results of acidic fog containing H2O2 at the sensitivity of agricultural vegetation to big fungal diseases.- unfold of Barley mould through wind and its value for Phytopathology, Aerobiology and for Barley cultivation in Europe.- Falling behaviour of steriUzed and slept fruitefly and melonfly.- VI Microbiology.- Airborne unfold of microorganisms affecting animals.- development of mathematical versions for predicting the airborne unfold of foot-and-mouth disease.- high-quality particle aerosols in experimental Legionnaires’ disorder: Their position in an infection and treatment.- the scale distribution of whirlpool-generated droplets, their skill to comprise micro organism and their disposition power within the human respiration tract.- Bacterial atmospheric illness in wastewater remedy plants.- Airborne Gram detrimental micro organism linked to the dealing with of family waste.- VII tools in aerobiology.- designated purposes of the Burkard-Sampler for gathering airborne pollen and spores I. Semi-quantitative non-stop selection of dust-particles, soot, flue ash and so forth. that may turn on ailments of the respiration tract.- certain functions of the Burkard-Sampler for accumulating airborne pollen and sporesII. checklist of radioactive airborne dirt and dust (after Chernobyl) within the air of Basel (Switzerland).- potency of a brand new sampler in sampling Betula pollen for antigen analyses.- assortment potency of 2 samplers for microbiological aerosols.- Microorganisme as organic symptoms of air pollution.- Statistical correlation of deposition facts on eight air toxins to lichen facts in a small city in Switzerland.- equipment for each year comparisons of aeropalynological data.- airplane sampling of the higher airspora.- the way to decrease allergic results: removing of allergens (pollen, mites, indoor dirt, micro organism, gases etc.) from indoor air.
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Extra info for Advances in Aerobiology: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Aerobiology, August 6–9, 1986, Basel, Switzerland
E. Wedler, Institut fUr Meteorologie, Freie Universitat Berlin, Dietrich-Schaefer-Weg 6 - 10, D-I000 Berlin 41, FRG. EXS 51: Advances in Aerobiology ~1987 Birkhauser Verlag Basel COMPARISON OF RECENT AND QUATERNARY POLLEN DATA A Coetzee, South Africa. J Botany Department, University of the OFS, Bloemfontein, Introduction lhe study of fossil pollen and spores has become one of the most important techniques for the reconstruction of palaeoenvironments, especially during the Quaternary. Ihe interpretation of fossil pollen assemblages in terms of vegetation can, however, be seriously affected because of over- or under representation of pollen taxa.
The relative weight these different plant groups have on the counts, which was early established (2), has been observed to persist unaltered through successive years. Trees contribute from 60% to 70% of the pollen load and account for two major seasonal peaks. The tree peak is observed in April- May, during the transition from the dry to the rainy season. Grasses contribute 15% to 20% of the pollen load and account for the second major pollen peak which is observed in November at the beginning of the dry season.
During the research I \ I I I I I I I I were possibly due to \ period I I both I the annual rhythms of S02 concentration were in phase. and PR But primarily this is only a formal correlatim! tion. The main increase to high winter level the generally occurred in the course of the Fig. 2 Annual variations of the PR and S02 concentration (SAH NK + RK) October/November. In order to relate the differences in time and space for SAH of NK and RK a standardized quotient has been calculated relating mean winter PR of ORTD to mean summer PR of both SAH.