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By Stefano Schiaparelli, Bruno Danis, Victoria Wadley, D. Michael Stoddart (auth.), Cinzia Verde, Guido di Prisco (eds.)

The moment quantity of “Adaptation and Evolution in Marine Environments – The affects of worldwide swap on Biodiversity” from the sequence “From Pole to Pole” integrates the marine biology contribution of the 1st tome to the IPY 2007-2009, providing overviews of organisms (from micro organism and ciliates to better vertebrates) thriving on polar continental cabinets, slopes and deep sea. the rate and quantity of warming within the Arctic and in areas of Antarctica (the Peninsula, at the moment ) are more than in different places. alterations effect a number of parameters, specifically the level of sea ice; organisms, ecosystems and groups that grew to become finely tailored to expanding chilly during thousands of years are actually turning into weak, and biodiversity is threatened. Investigating evolutionary variations is helping to foresee the influence of adjustments in temperate components, highlighting the valuable contribution of polar marine examine to give and destiny results of the IPY within the Earth process scenario.

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Extra resources for Adaptation and Evolution in Marine Environments, Volume 2: The Impacts of Global Change on Biodiversity

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2008); Kaiser et al. (2008); Pearce (2008); Allen and Smellie (2008). In 2010, a special issue of Polar Science (Volume 4, Issue 2), ‘‘Antarctic Biology in the 21st Century—Advances in and beyond IPY’’, assembled papers presented at the 10th SCAR International Biology Symposium, Hokkaido 1 The Census of Antarctic Marine Life 11 University, Sapporo 2009 (Fukuchi and Conlan 2010; Stoddart 2010). Of the 22 contribution, 13 are on marine themes: Coppola et al. (2010); de Pascale et al. (2010); Jadwiszczak (2010); Koubbi et al.

Thanks to strong interaction with this project, it is now possible to draw comparisons between differences in ecological structure and dynamics of the Arctic and Southern Oceans (Gradinger et al. 2010; Gutt et al. 2010). 1 The IPY Proposal In considering its contribution as part of the ‘‘Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic (EBA)’’ programme, the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) accepted a proposal that a Census of Antarctic Marine Life be undertaken as a major activity during IPY and in July 2004 appointed an international Steering Committee to guide the project.

2011; Gutt et al. 2011; Hardy et al. 2011; Havermans et al. 2011; Kaiser et al. 2011; Koubbi et al. 2011b; Mühlenhardt-Siegel 2011; Nakayama et al. 2011; O’Driscoll et al. 2011; O’Loughlin et al. 2011; Olguín and Alder 2011; Post et al. 2011; Rapp et al. 2011; Schrödl et al. 2011; Sicin´ski et al. 2011; Strugnell et al. 2011; Würzberg et al. 2011c. 12 S. Schiaparelli et al. 5 Workshop Organisation The milestone workshop for CAML was that held in Brussels in May 2005. The draft Science Plan was produced and finalised in September, after consultation with the SC.

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