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By Petr Sgall, Ladislav Nebeský, Alla Goralčíková, Eva Hajičová

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3 . we have characterized three types of these units, namely the lexical semantemes, the suffixes, and the functors. For an explicit treatment of the generative compo­ nent it seems appropriate to combine a lexical semanteme (as well as a cor­ responding non-terminal symbol from which the lexical semanteme can be derived) with its suffixes into a single complex symbol. In our formalism this complex symbol is treated as elementary, and consequently there is a gap between the formal status of the grammar and its interpretation.

N Units Level tectogrammatical I - I T 1 proposition - C - semanteme R phenogrammatical R syntagmeme - C - tagmeme - I R I morphemic - formeme - C - seme - C- morpheme - I R I morph --£ - morphophoneme (morpho-)phonemic I R I . sound -C - ct·1stmct1ve feature phonetical Note. The arrow points to the complex unit. Figure 4. Main Types of Units. T H E F O R M O F THE DESCRI PTI O N 17 The overall scheme of levels and main types of units is formulated with rela­ tions of type R and of type C. Certain types of units lack counterparts on some level.

Each of the four transducers reads the input tape from right to left and prints the output from left to right. 4). 26 The second member of the pair of transducers restores the original word order (or makes some changes in it, when necessary-in particular, the fourth transducer changes the position of members of constructions in which the word order on the morphemic level is not in accordance with the con­ dition of projectivity, and places prepositions and conjunctions at the beginning of noun or verb phrases) , 2 7 Furthermore, this second member changes the symbols of the higher level into the corresponding ones of the next lower level (choosing the realizing symbol in accordance with the pro­ perties of the governing symbol ; cf.

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